A Timeline of Talmidi History

This timeline shows events in Talmidi history in relationship to other events of the period.
(c. = approximate date)

Date Event
c. 7 BCE Yeshua` bar Yosef born in Nazareth, of Galilee.
c. 22 CE Yochanan the Immerser (John the Baptist) begins a movement in his own right - the Nazorayyan movement (not to be confused with Nazarenes). He emphasises social justice and regular ritual immersion.
c. 26 Yeshua` is immersed in the river Yarden (Jordan) by Yochanan the Immerser.
c. 26 Yeshua` declares his prophethood in the synagogue in Nazareth, and begins his ministry.
4th Apr 30 Yeshua` is crucified by the Romans, after having been unjustly accused of being a Nazorayyan terrorist leader (some of the Baptist's Nazorayyan followers had joined the Zealots, and fought alongside them; hence the charge on Yeshua`'s cross in Greek, "Jesus the Nazorayyan, King of the Jews" ).
c. 32 Ya`aqov bar Qlofah (James son of Clophas, Yeshua`'s cousin [brother]) is elected to lead the Follower community.
c. 33 Greek-speaking Followers break from the Emissarian movement, and form their own group, the Hellenicists.
36 Stephen, an Hellenicist, is stoned by a lynch mob stirred up by Temple police.
36 Paul of Tarsus, as Captain of the Temple Police, hunts out Hellenicists under orders from the High Priest.
36 Paul's "conversion" on the road to Damascus.
36 - 39 Paul's time in Arabia.
Aug 38 Troubles and riots in Alexandria, Egypt, during which all Jews, including Followers, suffer.
39 Paul returns to Jerusalem, and speaks only to Ya`aqov Nasi (James), and Shim`on Keyfa (Simon Peter).
39 Herod Agrippa is made King of Judea.
24th Jan 41 The Emperor Gaius Caligula is assassinated.
Sept 41 Herod Agrippa is invited to read from the Law at the Festival of Booths in Jerusalem.
42 Ya`aqov bar Zebadiyah (James son of Zebadee) speaks against the persecution of Hellenicists, and is executed by the Temple authorities.
46 - 48 Famine in Judea, made worse by the sabbatical year in 47 CE, during which no crops can be grown according to Jewish law. Various other Follower communities make collections of money for their relief.
47 An Emissarian, Barnabas, goes to Tarsus to find Paul, and brings him to Antioch in Syria.
48 Paul makes converts among the Hellenicists in Antioch, Syria.
49 Paul is requested by Ya`aqov Nasi and the Council of Elders to come to Jerusalem to explain his activities in Antioch, (ignoring Jewish law for Gentile converts).
49 Paul and his Christian Believers are expelled from Judaism at the Great Convention of Jerusalem.
49 Jewish-born Hellenicists still loyal to Ya`aqov, angered by what Paul has done, return to the authority of Jerusalem.
49 Followers are expelled from Rome by the Emperor Claudius. Unfortunately he cannot distinguish between the various Jewish parties, and other Jews are expelled as well.
50 Shim`on Keyfa (Simon Peter) is influenced by Paul and becomes a Christian.
51 Peter teaches Christianity to the Followers in Judea. They complain and he is deposed as leader of the Emissarian movement. He is exiled to Rome.
51 Riots between Jews and Samaritans are put down by the Roman governor Cumanus.
51 - 58 Paul travels around the Mediterranean, and writes his letters to the various Christian communities he founds.
57 Peter has converted many of the Followers in Rome to Christianity, including a significant number from among Gentile attendees of Jewish synagogues. Paul writes to them ("Letter to the Romans").
58 Paul is arrested in the Temple in Jerusalem by the Roman authorities for nearly starting a riot. He is imprisoned in Caesarea.
60 Paul is sent to Rome to appeal to the Emperor.
61 Some priests become Followers, and are prohibited from serving in the temple by the High Priest.
62 The High Priest Hananiah takes advantage of a 3-month gap in the appointment of a new Roman Governor, and has Ya`aqov Nasi executed. Eighty Pharisees object, and are put to death as well.
62 Shim`on bar Qlofah (Simon son of Clophas), Ya`aqov's brother, is elected to take over as Nasi of the Follower community.
65 The Christian gospel of Mark written, probably in Rome.
66 Riots in Caesarea; the beginning of the Jewish revolt against the Romans.
69 Some Followers, worried about the way events are turning, flee across the Jordan to Syria. Other Followers stay in Judea and Jerusalem.
Aug 70 Jerusalem is captured by the Romans, the Temple is completely razed to the ground, and the city's inhabitants are killed or taken as slaves. Followers who stayed in Jerusalem suffer the same fate as their fellow Jews.
Early 70's Followers and other Jews return slowly to Jerusalem.
Early 70's Rise of the Ebionite movement. The Nazarenes (Christian Jews) arise out of Peter's former followers in Judea.
c. 75 - 80 The Christian gospels of Matthew (Alexandria, Egypt) and Luke (Syria) are written.
Late 70's The Council of Yavneh is convened by the Pharisaic party, to help rebuild Judaism. They decide to strictly define the boundaries of Jewish belief.
90 The Council of Yavneh devise a curse to be said in synagogues against "heretics"; Followers of the Way are expelled from synagogues en masse. They are treated like lepers, and are no longer considered Jews. They are given an halakhic status lower than that of Gentiles.
c. 100 The Christian gospel of John is written in Greece.
c. 109 Shim`on Nasi is executed, crucified by the Romans under false charges of sedition.
c. 110 Yustus I elected Nasi.
c. 116 Zakkai elected Nasi.
c 120 - 122 Christians encourage the massacres of Follower communities in Egypt, Cyrene and Cyprus.
c. 123 Toviyah elected Nasi.
c. 124 Benyamin elected Nasi.
c. 125 Yochanan elected Nasi.
c. 126 Mattithiyah elected Nasi.
126 The Council of Yavneh is dissolved.
c. 127 Philip elected Nasi.
c. 128 Seneca elected Nasi.
c. 129 Yustus II elected Nasi.
c. 130 Levi elected Nasi.
c. 131 Efrayim elected Nasi.
c. 132 Yosef elected Nasi.
133 The bar Kochba revolt begins. Followers do not feel they can declare bar Kochba the messiah and liberator of the Jewish people, and oppose him. There are many reprisals against Followers as a result.
c. 133 Yehudah elected Nasi.
134 Yehudah, the last Nasi, is murdered by the followers of bar Kochba.
135 Bar Kochba revolt ends. Jerusalem is again destroyed, and cleared of all its Jewish inhabitants. They are forbidden to re-enter.
136 Only Gentile Christians are allowed into Jerusalem. They falsely claim inheritance of the See of Jerusalem, and begin the wholesale take-over of Talmidi history, claiming it as their own.
136 onwards The survivors of the Follower community settle in Syria and the Transjordan.

 

   
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